The systemic approach is a scientifically proven psychotherapeutic method.
Ernst von Glasersfeld and Heinz von Förster founded the concept called “radical constructivism”. The radical constructivism assumes there is neither an absolute truth nor absolute reality. Every person constructs their view of the world according to their upbringing, socialization, experiences and current emotional state.
A famous german proverb: “Is the glass half-empty or half-full?” is exemplary for the concept of the radical constructivism.
The concept of radical constructivism has a significant influence on the systemic approach.
The systemic approach views individuals as a system, that is integrated and interacts with other systems (fellow human beings, society, family, school, friends, workplace etc.) A person seldomly behaves the same in all situations or settings. Depending upon which context a person finds themselves in, they take a role (father, mother, sister, brother, uncle etc.) or a role is deliberately attributed (boss, doctor, police officer, colleagues etc.) or a role is unconsciously adopted (scapegoat, victim, clown etc.).
Every human strives for an inner balance, to cope with daily life, so that they either achieve or keep their homeostasis (idle state). As soon as discrepancies arise through interaction with other systems, conflicts tend to emerge.
The focus of the systemic approach is to help clients develop adequate strategies to deal with these conflicts, that fit their capabilities and existing resources. Therefore the best possible approach for their lives are developed.
The theory of the systemic approach is not a rigid and self-contained concept. It operates and handles with other existing methodical and theoretical approaches from other psychological concepts. The aim of the systemic approach is to point out discrepancies, so that strategies for a better acceptance of diversity can be developed. Therefore the best possible and “most fitting” solution can be jointly developed for the clients.